The best-selling type of carpet is textured cut pile, which simply means looped carpet fibers have been at the top to create cut pile with yarn bundles standing straight. Pre-shearing cut pile several times can give it an even more luxurious appearance. Cut pile is less resistant to crushing than other types of carpet.
Saxonies consist of two or more fibers twisted together in a yarn, then heatset straight. Saxonies. The soft texture works well in both formal and informal areas, but will show every footprint and vacuum-cleaner mark. These carpets have medium durability.
Texture and Textured Saxonies
Textures are very popular carpets and work especially well in informal areas (such as family rooms and children's bedrooms) because of the soft feel and because they have a multi-colored look that disguises tracks and footprints. . Textures are tightly twisted and heatset for medium durability.
Softer and more level than textures, velvets/plushes are lightly twisted and have a uniform color. Ideal for formal areas such as formal living rooms and master bedrooms because of its luxurious appearance, velvets/plush pile carpeting shows every footprint and vacuum-cleaner mark.
Cut and Loop Pile
As the name suggests, cut and loop pile combines cut and looped fibers, providing a variety of surface textures or sculptured effects with medium durability. Available in solid or multiple colors, this type of carpet can hide dirt and footprints in formal and informal areas.
Level Loop Pile
Level loop pile is made by weaving even loops of yarn into carpet backing at both ends. Higher loops create a more luxurious appearance, yet offer durability and track resistance because of its strong loops. Level loop piles with short and densely packed loops prevent dirt from filtering into carpet and are easy to clean, making it ideal for high traffic areas.
Berbers limit footprints and vacuum tracks in informal areas and are rapidly increasing in popularity. They can have thicker yarns than other level loop pile carpets for high durability, although these loops also tend to retain dirt and are susceptible to damage from snags. Berbers come in expensive wool fibers or less expensive nylon, olefin, or nylon-olefin fibers
Multi-Level Loop Pile
Multi-level loop pile is like level loop pile except that the loop heights vary (usually two to three different loop heights). This carpet creates an appearance of random texture. This type of carpet is good for high traffic areas but the smaller loops can sometimes hold more dirt.